Nicholas Chistiakov - The Greenhouse, 2013, photography
Patrick Di Justo | New Yorker »
Since most predators have a two-to-ten-year population cycle, [any] twelve-year cicadas would be a feast for any predator with a two-, three-, four-, or six-year cycle. By this reasoning, any cicada with a development span that is easily divisible by the smaller numbers of a predator’s population cycle is vulnerable.
Prime numbers, however, can only be divided by themselves and one; they cannot be evenly divided into smaller integers. Cicadas that emerge at prime-numbered year intervals, like the seventeen-year Brood II set to swarm the East Coast, would find themselves relatively immune to predator population cycles, since it is mathematically unlikely for a short-cycled predator to exist on the same cycle. In [Stephen J.] Gould’s example, a cicada that emerges every seventeen years and has a predator with a five-year life cycle will only face a peak predator population once every eighty-five (5 x 17) years, giving it an enormous advantage over less well-adapted cicadas.
To test this hypothesis, researchers from Brazil’s Universidade Estadual de Campinas used a computer simulation, very similar to John Conway’s Game of Life, in which simulated cicadas and predators battled it out in a hundred-by-hundred-cell matrix. They found exactly what Gould had suggested: cicadas with a prime-numbered life cycle had the most successful evolutionary strategy. If we discount those cicadas with life cycles of ten years or fewer (as being too close to predator life cycles), we find that the most successful emergence rates for cyber cicadas are thirteen and seventeen years—precisely what we find in the wild. >continue<
‘Course, the prime number strategy has been hypothesized to aid in overwhelming GOP obstructionism as well ;p
(via scientificillustration)Source: zeitvox
If you’re lesbian and you fall for a guy
If you’re gay and you fall for a woman
If you’re bisexual and you have a preference for girls
If you’re bisexual and you have a preference for guys
If you’re pansexual and have a preference
What’s not fine is telling someone they can’t love another person because it doesn’t fit into the confinements of a label.
T H I S
(via breathe-lovely)Source: 50shadesofacceptance
Plastics like styrofoam currently take up between 25%-30% of our landfill space, and a single cubic foot of styrofoam has the same energy content as about one and a half liters of gasoline.
College pals Eben Bayer and Gavin McIntyre established Ecovative, which grows cost-effective alternatives to plastic insulation and packaging. While they were students at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Bayer and McIntyre experimented with mycelium, the network of vegetative filaments in mushrooms, and realized that it could be used to form incredibly strong bonds. Essentially, the substance functions like a glue that you can grow and use to form agricultural byproducts like plant stalks and seed husks into natural alternatives to styrofoam packaging and insulation.
Our “mushroom guy” Roy Halling brought me samples of this stuff a few months back when a story about an artist using mycelium to make furniture was making the Tumblr rounds. It feels a little funny, but is unquestionably strong and versatile and a fantastic way forward towards replacing plastics. ~AR
(via yan-ton)Source: fastcompany
Watch the full video: Blossoming into Science with actress Mayim Bialik
things they should have taught us in high school number fucking one
my life might be very different if i wasn’t told - repeatedly and endlessly - that science and math “wasn’t for creative people”
Mayim Bialik is pretty damn awesome. I think she’s one of the most fascinating people in media. I love that her life blends art and science and religion and she has no concerns about there being contradictions or whatever. Also that video is totally worth watching, if you’ve got five minutes to spare.
I LOVE HER
(via theboywhostiredofwaiting)Source: youtube.com
I want the Doctor to take a kid as his companion.
A 14-15 year old kid who’s parents are fighting, has few friends, bad grades, and feels like complete shit before the Doctor comes.
No kissing, complicated relationships, confusion or stuff like that, just the Doctor taking a kid who doesn’t see much out of life for a ride.
I know it sounds hackneyed and gimmicky, but I legitly also want to see a companion with a cognitive/mental disability. Let’s be honest, they’re people like anyone else, and the wonders of the universe and the thrills of adventure would be as real and beautiful for them as for anyone else. Plus, I’d like the Doctor to deal with different kinds of cleverness.Source: thedoctorsconsultingfirebender
“Same sex couples shouldn’t be able to adopt because their kids will get bullied for having two moms or two dads”
instead of not allowing same sex couples to adopt
maybe you should teach your little shitty kids not to bully